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XRD pattern of ZMnO films grown on sapphire substrates at different substrate temperatures. The inset shows the rocking curves for (002) reflection of the film grown at different temperatures.
(Color online) AFM pictures of (a) as-grown ZnMnO at , (b) at , and (c) at . All scans are in dimension. (d) RBS spectra of ZnMnO films grown at various temperatures. The simulated curves are also shown.
Raman spectra of ZnMnO films grown at different substrate temperatures. The spectra for the substrate (sapphire) and the ZnMnO target are also shown.
Ferromagnetic hysteresis loops of ZnMnO films are shown for 5 and grown at and for at , 600, and .
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