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Normalized luminance of the OLEDs plotted vs their operating time under a constant-current operation.
Current-voltage characteristic of the OLEDs.
XPS spectra of (a) ITO-HT, and (b) ITO-RT.
XPS spectra of -thick TPTE deposited on: (a) ITO-HT, and (b) ITO-RT.
Conditions for sputter-deposition and electrical properties of ITO electrodes.
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