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Schematic illustration of a crack under uniaxial tension in the direction.
Comparison of plastic zones calculated by PFM and FEM around (a) a circular hole and (b) a crack.
The distribution of around a hole (a) using PFM and (b) using FEM; around a crack (c) using PFM and (d) using FEM. The values in the figure legends are in units of megapascal.
The variations of along a horizontal line (see Fig. 1) that crosses (a) the centre of a circular hole and (b) the crack line.
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