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Spiroconjugation-enhanced intermolecular charge transport
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11.The amount (mass) of materials deposited was monitored with the quartz crystal microbalance and the thicknesses of films were confirmed by profilometry or ellipsometry, from which densities of materials in films were determined.
15.In calculating reorganization energies with the Gaussian 03 program suite, the geometries of the neutral, cation, and anion species of terfluorene derivatives were optimized at the DFT level by using the B3LYP functionals and the 6-31G basis set.
16.HOMOs and LUMOs of terfluorenes were calculated using the Hartree–Fock method with 6-31G basis at the optimized conformation.
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