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Temperature dependence of solubility limits of transition metals (Co, Mn, Fe, and Ni) in ZnO nanoparticles
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View: Figures


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Powder XRD patterns where dotted lines show the positions of the main Bragg peaks of (cubic structure) on ZnO (wurtzite structure).

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Powder XRD patterns of (a) at different to trace out at which the secondary phase just starts to appear and (b) for different at their . The asymmetric error bar on is (since was varied in steps of ).

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Powder XRD patterns where indicates the position of Bragg peaks of the secondary phase.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Plots of of at different . The asymmetric error bar of is associated with each data point (not shown in figure explicitly). Solid lines for the best fit and dotted line for the lowest growth temperature (see text for details).

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Phase diagrams showing the relation between growth parameters ( and ) and single/multiple phases of . The fitted solid lines (in Fig. 4) for each TM are taken with asymmetric error bar (not shown in figure) as a border of the single and multiple phases. Marked with circles in phase diagrams indicate the phase of the samples on which the magnetization measurements were performed (see Fig. 6 for the magnetic properties).

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

SQUID data of Magnetization at for at different corresponding single phase and multiphase.


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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Temperature dependence of solubility limits of transition metals (Co, Mn, Fe, and Ni) in ZnO nanoparticles