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(a) Grain structure in the vicinity of the interface for the bilayer composite and (b) magnified view of the interface showing the presence of columnar grains.
(Color online) X-ray mapping of the elements around the interface area.
Ferroelectric properties of the bilayer cofired composite.
ME coefficient as a function of the dc bias field. The measurement was done at frequency of under an applied field of using the lock-in amplifier method.
Magnetic field orientation dependence of the ME coefficient. (a) Schematic illustration of the sample placement and (b) magnitude of ME coefficient as a function of orientation.
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