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Cutting out of a poled PZT block at an angle to the poling direction.
Initial period of polarization curves (a) and longitudinal strain curves (b) of prepoled PZT-5 ceramics under an electric field at different angles to the original poling direction.
Stable hysteresis loops (a) and dependence of coercive field and switchable polarization (b) of prepoled PZT-5 ceramics.
Illustration of domain orientation and subsequent switching path in a prepoled PZT-5 ceramics under multiaxial electrical loading.
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