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Current/voltage characteristics of polymer PVs with different concentration of mannitol-doped anodes: without doping (▴); with doping (□); with doping (●); and with doping (엯) in (a) low conductivity, , and (b) high conductivity, , PEDOT: PSS. All device were measured under illumination of AM1.5 .
Current/voltage characteristics with different concentrations of mannitol. All devices were measured in the dark.
Series resistance as function of the lateral distance between the anode and the cathode in different doping concentrations; without doping (▴), with doping (□), with doping (●), and with doping (엯). Inset: the device structure and the definition of the lateral distance.
Performance of photovoltaic devices with different concentration of mannitol under illumination of AM1.5 .
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