Full text loading...
(Color online) Evolution of the ion charge state distribution of cathodic vacuum arcs for (a) lead plasma and (b) bismuth plasma. Arc current of , ion extraction of about from the cathode, and .
(Color online) Evolution of surface temperature and equilibrium vapor pressure assuming a power density of , which corresponds to the assumption of distributing the heating power evenly over the cathode rod surface.
Fit parameters for the experimentally found decay of the average ion charge states [see Eq. (1)].
Physical properties (Refs. 16, 17, and 22) of lead and bismuth.
Article metrics loading...