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X-ray diffraction patterns of : (a) synthesized by SSR method, (b) synthesized by HT (uncalcined), and (c) synthesized by HT and calcined at for .
UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra for synthesized by SSR method (a); , respectively [(b)–(f)], synthesized by HT and calcined at for . The inset shows the spectra for pure synthesized by SSR and by HT (uncalcined).
SEM images of the particles of , (a) synthesized by SSR, (b) synthesized by HT (uncalcined), and (c) synthesized by HT and calcined at for .
Total DOSs of cubic and calculated by FLAPW. Contributions of the dopant orbitals are shown by shaded area under the curves. Fermi level is adjusted to . No stable structure was feasible for Pd.
Crystal size, specific surface area and rate of evolution under UV irradiation from undoped photocatalyst.
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