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Slow Bloch modes for enhancing the absorption of light in thin films for photovoltaic cells
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/content/aip/journal/apl/92/19/10.1063/1.2929747
2008-05-15
2014-12-21

Abstract

This paper deals with the improvement of “light harvesting” in photovoltaic cells by using photonic nanostructures. We theoretically study a poly-3-hexylthiophene/[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT/PCBM) thin film periodically nanostructured in order to increase its absorption. The periodic nanostructuration allows “slow Bloch modes” (group velocity close to zero) to be coupled inside the material. The P3HT/PCBM photonic crystal parameters are adjusted to maximize the density of Bloch modes and obtain flat dispersion curves. The light-matter interaction is thus strongly enhanced, which results in a 35.6% increase of absorption in the spectral range.

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Scitation: Slow Bloch modes for enhancing the absorption of light in thin films for photovoltaic cells
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/92/19/10.1063/1.2929747
10.1063/1.2929747
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