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Highly flexible and transparent multilayer electrode for flexible organic light emitting diodes
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By inserting a very thin layer of Ag between two layers of amorphous indium zinc tin oxide (IZTO), we fabricated a highly flexible, low resistance, and highly transparent IZTO-Ag-IZTO multilayerelectrode on a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrate. Due to surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effects and the ductility of the Ag layer, the IZTO-Ag-IZTO electrode exhibited a low sheet resistance of and a high transparency of 86% as well as superior flexibility despite the very thin thickness of the IZTO layer . It was found that the transition of the Ag layer from distinct islands to a continuous film occurred at a critical thickness . Continuity of the Agfilm is very important for SPR in IZTO-Ag-IZTO electrode. The current density-voltage-luminance characteristics of flexible organic light emitting diodes(OLEDs) fabricated on IZTO-Ag-IZTO/PET were better than those of flexible OLEDs fabricated on an ITO/PET substrate due to the low sheet resistance and high work function of the IZTO.
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