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Suppressing series resistance in organic solar cells by oxygen plasma treatment
6.S. E. Shaheen, G. E. Jabbour, M. M. Morrell, Y. Kawabe, B. Kippelen, N. Peyghambarian, M.-F. Nabor, R. Schlaf, E. A. Mash, and N. R. Armstrong, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 2324 (1998).
10.C. H. Lin, S. Chattopadhyay, C. W. Hsu, M. H. Wu, W. C. Chen, C. T. Wu, S. C. Tsen, J. S. Hwang, J. H. Lee, C. H. Chen, L. C. Chen, and K. H. Chen (unpublished).
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We demonstrate a low series resistance contact of gold (anode)/zinc-phthalocyznine in a reverse organic photovoltaic device aided by oxygen plasma treatment. The power conversion efficiency appreciated from 0.2% to 2.13%, post plasma treatment, predominantly due to the reduction in the series resistance of the device. A depth profile of zinc from x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study revealed a gold layer with graded zinc composition, instead of pure gold, to be an efficient hole-collector from the organic interface. The zinc alloying of the gold layer has clearly been promoted by the oxygen plasma treatment.
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