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Evidence for surface dipole modifications in -based transparent conductors
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10.1063/1.2953435
/content/aip/journal/apl/92/25/10.1063/1.2953435
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/92/25/10.1063/1.2953435
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Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

excited valence band spectra of different samples: Films deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering in situ at in (a) pure Ar and (b) in a 90% Ar/10% mixture; (c) ceramic specimen sintered in air; (d) same as (a) heated in air at for . Samples (c) and (d) have been cleaned in situ by heating in at for . To eliminate the shifts induced by different Fermi level positions, the valence band maxima are set to zero binding energy.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

excited valence band spectra of differently doped and treated samples: ITO film deposited by rf magnetron sputtering at substrate temperature in (a) pure Ar and (b) in a 90% Ar/10% mixture; (c) same as (a) after air annealing at for ; (d) same as (a) after ozone treatment; (e) thin film 30% (Zn,Sn)-codoped ; (f) sintered ceramic 40% (Zn,Sn)-codoped . Samples (c), (e), and (f) have been cleaned in situ by heating in at for . The valence band maxima are set to zero binding energy.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

excited valence band spectra of nominally undoped films prepared in situ by radio frequency magnetron sputtering at substrate temperature in (a) pure Ar (solid line) and (b) a 95% Ar/5% gas mixture (dotted line). No intensity normalization or energy shift has been applied to the presented spectra.

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/content/aip/journal/apl/92/25/10.1063/1.2953435
2008-06-27
2014-04-21
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Evidence for surface dipole modifications in In2O3-based transparent conductors
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/92/25/10.1063/1.2953435
10.1063/1.2953435
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