No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
High temperature surface imaging using atomic force microscopy
2.The temperature range for current designs is limited up to in ambient and up to in UHV.
10.As a piezoscanner we use the regularly used EBL2 from Staveley Sensors, Inc.
11.The maximum applied potential in combination with the electrode distance of prevents voltage breakdown in the pressure range of interest ). See, for instance, Breakdown of Gases, edited by J. M. Meek and J. D. Craggs (Wiley, New York, 1978).
12.Since we use an interferometer based AFM, the distance between the cleaved fiber-end and cantilever is tuned to the optimal working point, i.e., the maximum slope of the signal versus distance curve. The micron sized cavity is tuned with a piezoelement directly beneath the cantilever body. Since the cavity dimensions are temperature dependent due to thermal expansions of the AFM head, this element is required to preserve the optimal working point.
13.For tuning of the interferometer, the piezoelement does not need to be calibrated, whereas to ensure accurate topography measurements the piezoscanner should be calibrated.
14.The resistance contribution from the thick platinum wires can be neglected.
15.This is the temperature for which the filament resistor is specified.
16.In the vacuum chamber, different pressures ranging from ambient to UHV and other gas environments (such as ) can be used.
17.Cantilevers are standard probes with a length of and a free resonance frequency between 150 and (Nanoworld).
18.After heating the sample from RT to , the temperature is stabilized in less than .
21.D. Sarid, Scanning Force Microscopy With Applications to Electric Magnetic, and Atomic Forces (Oxford University Press, New York, 1991).
22.The thermal stabilization time was .
Article metrics loading...
Full text loading...
Most read this month