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The TC ratio of the NF as a function of volume fraction of nanoparticles. The size distribution of nanoparticles (a) and the TEM image of nanoparticles (b) are shown in the inset.
The TC ratio of the NF as a function of increasing and decreasing applied magnetic fields in of nanoparticles.
The TC ratio and the enhancement as a function applied magnetic field in the NF with of nanoparticles. The inset of the figure shows the schematic of the mechanism of heat transport from a cylindrical device immersed in NF without and with magnetic field.
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