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Polarizing microscopy for the solitary wave in a SSFLC; (b) the picture was taken after taking (a), the schematics for the solitary wave and the up/down domains and boundary (c). The directors can move on a cone, which is the necessary condition that the layer thickness does not change during switching. Smectic layers are perpendicular to the glass plates.
Velocity of the solitary wave for various conditions of the alignment layers. was measured for various temperatures for the SR-SR cell and at for the other cells.
Optical transmittance vs applied field using triangular shape signal under the cross polarizers (a), where the position of the cell with the crossed polarizers is controlled to have the symmetric transmittance curve, and as a function of the frequency of the applied field (b) for SR-NR cell at . (c) shows of Felix0018 and as a function of temperature for the various cell condition at .
Surface conditions for each cell and experimentally obtained . For the strong rubbing condition, the surface was rubbed four times with the same rubbing strength as for the weak process.
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