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SEM image of the BFO-PZT composite film. Inset (a) is the SEM image of the BFO particles on the substrate deposited by electrophoretic deposition process and inset (b) is the cross-section SEM image of the composite film.
XRD patterns of the (a) BFO-PZT composite film and (b) pure BFO film. The left inset is the magnified XRD patterns in the vicinity of and the right inset is the Raman spectra of the films.
Magnetic hysteresis loop measured at room temperature for the (a) BFO-PZT composite film, (b) pure BFO film, and (c) BFO nanoparticles. Inset is the XPS spectrum of the composite film.
Polarization as function of electric field in the BFO-PZT composite film. Upper inset is the leakage current as function of electric field. Bottom inset is the variation in the increment in with measured at .
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