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Evolution mechanisms of the surface morphology of grains in ZnO thin films grown on substrates due to thermal annealing
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10.1063/1.2957467
/content/aip/journal/apl/93/2/10.1063/1.2957467
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/93/2/10.1063/1.2957467
View: Figures

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

XRD patterns of the (a) as-grown and (b) annealed ZnO thin films grown on (100) substrates.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Cross-sectional bright-field TEM images of the (a) as-grown and the (c) annealed ZnO thin films grown on (100) substrates. (b) and (d) are high-resolution TEM images for top regions of the as-grown and the annealed ZnO thin films grown on (100) substrates. The inserts of (b) and (d) are fast-Fourier-transformed diffraction patterns of the as-grown and annealed ZnO thin films grown on (100) substrates.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

AFM images of the (a) as-grown and (b) annealed ZnO thin films grown on (100) substrates. The inserts are magnified images for subpopulations of the as-grown and annealed ZnO grains.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Schematic cross-sectional diagrams for the surface curvatures in subpopulations consisting of ZnO grains for (a) the as-grown and (b) annealed ZnO thin films grown on the (100) substrates.

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/content/aip/journal/apl/93/2/10.1063/1.2957467
2008-07-15
2014-04-18
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Evolution mechanisms of the surface morphology of grains in ZnO thin films grown on p-InP substrates due to thermal annealing
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/93/2/10.1063/1.2957467
10.1063/1.2957467
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