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Application of metal nanoparticles decorated carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics
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Carbon nanotubes decorated with metal nanoparticles are introduced to photovoltaic application. The introduction of metal nanoparticles in the organic/organic-inorganic heterojunctionsolar cells is expected to improve the exciton dissociation (due to strong electric field at the metal-organics interface) and hence photovoltaic action. An improved photovoltaic action is indeed observed in /poly(3-octylthiophene) heterojunctionsolar cells incorporating multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCN) decorated with platinum metal nanoparticles (Pt: , ) as compared to pristine MWCN. The incorporation of metal nanoparticles should provide an alternative strategy to improve the photovoltaic performance of organic/organic-inorganic solar cells.
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