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Spontaneous charge transfer from indium tin oxide to organic molecules for effective hole injection
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/content/aip/journal/apl/94/15/10.1063/1.3119860
2009-04-14
2014-09-20

Abstract

Naphthalene tetracaboxylic dianhydride (NTCDA) shows strong chemical interaction with metal atoms in an indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate to form charge transfer(CT) complexes. The CT complex at the ITO/NTCDA interface can lower the energy barrier height for hole injection from ITO into the hole transporting layer of ,-diphenyl-, -bis(1-naphthyl)(-biphenyl)- diamine (NPB). The operational voltage of an emissive device at a current density of was significantly reduced from 12.2 to 9.2 V by simply inserting a thin layer of NTCDA between the ITO and NPB. The results enable the achievement of organic light-emitting diodes that consume relatively less power.

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Scitation: Spontaneous charge transfer from indium tin oxide to organic molecules for effective hole injection
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/94/15/10.1063/1.3119860
10.1063/1.3119860
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