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The schematic diagram of the proposed stacked alignment layer system.
Pretilt angles as a function of the thickness of the vertical alignment layer. The dots are experimental results and the solid lines are calculated as varying with (a) and (b) .
(a) Stability of the pretilt angles as a function of heating times at for cells that have the pretilt angles of 12°, 47°, and 82°, respectively. The inset boxes are microscopic textures at each testing condition. (b) Pretilt angles for different cycles of rubbing.
Contact angles for different thicknesses of upper vertical alignment layer.
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