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The tunneling scenario of an adiabatic quantum pump. The two shadowed blocks represent the left and right electron reservoirs, respectively. The two barriers oscillate adiabatically in time. The middle bar indicates the single-particle state between the two barriers. The Fermi levels of the two reservoirs are the same and are leveled to the single-particle state within the conductor. indicate the transmission amplitudes between one of the two reservoirs and the middle single-particle state.
Angular dependence of the PC for different quasiparticle energy.
Energy dependence of the angle-averaged PC.
Angular dependence of the static transmission probability of tunneling from the left reservoir to the right without gate potential oscillation for different heights of the right barrier. The height of the left barrier is fixed to be 100 meV. The Fermi energy of the reservoir is 72 meV.
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