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An inverted organic solar cell with an ultrathin Ca electron-transporting layer and hole-transporting layer
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An inverted organic solar cell based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl)-propyl-1-phenyl- (PCBM) was fabricated with an ultrathin Ca electron-transporting layer and hole-transporting layer. The 1 nm Ca on indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode modifies the work function of ITO suitable for electron extraction. An appropriate thickness of hole extraction layer is also essential to effectively prevent exciton quenching at the Aganode, yet not introduce much voltage loss and series resistance. The optical field distribution across the active layer was also simulated to discuss the effect of thickness on the photocurrent. The maximum power conversion efficiency obtained was 3.55% under simulated (AM 1.5G) solar irradiation.
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