No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
Oxidation of silver electrodes induces transition from conventional to inverted photovoltaic characteristics in polymer solar cells
8.D. R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC, Cleveland, 1990).
13.C. S. Kim, J. B. Kim, S. Lee, Y. S. Kim, and Y. -L. Loo, “Sequence of annealing polymer photoactive layer influences the air stability of inverted solar cells,” Org. Electron. (to be published), doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2009.08.013.
14.X. Yang, J. Loos, S. C. Veenstra, W. J. H. Verhees, M. M. Wienk, J. M. Kroon, M. A. J. Michels, and R. A. J. Janssen, Nano Lett. 5, 579 (2005).
16.M. Ohring, The Materials Science of Thin Films (Academic, Boston, 1992).
Article metrics loading...
Oxidation of silver top electrodes in polymersolar cells induces the devices to exhibit a transition from conventional to inverted photovoltaiccharacteristics. As silver oxidizes, its work function increases from 4.3 to 5.0 eV. The silver top electrode thus reverts from collecting electrons to collecting holes during device operation. We have quantified the extent of this transformation and find it to be correlated with the rate of silveroxidation, which we can influence by altering the annealing sequence of the polymer photoactive layer, ultimately varying the grain size of silver in the top electrode.
Full text loading...
Most read this month