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GMR behavior of nanopatterned (a) IPSV, (b) PPSV, and (c) PPSV measured at the different applied current densities.
MFM images of nanopatterned IPSV (left) and PPSV (right) for the sizes ranging from to .
(a) MFM images of nanopatterned PPSV of and size at the different applied magnetic fields of , 200, and −500 Oe, and (b) Illustration of the magnetization configurations of the soft and hard layers at the different magnetic fields used in (a).
MFM image of closely packed device array of PPSV.
Calculated MRAM cell size and TSF for the PSVs with different MRAM densities.
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