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An encapsulation architecture for organic electronic devices utilizing nitrogen gas-phase spacers between free-standing barrier films is demonstrated. The nitrogen spacers act as sinks for permeating and , delaying establishment of steady-state chemical potential gradients across the barriers and thereby reducing permeation rates. Water vapor transmission through nitrogen-spaced barriers was measured via the calcium optical transmission test. Substantial reductions in permeation rate were observed for a variety of barrier materials and configurations, suggesting a general and cost-effective approach for improving encapsulation performance. A low-cost polyethylene terephthalate film increases the calcium lifetime of a Cytop™-Kureha structure from 7000 to 12000 min.


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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Multilayer barrier films comprising nitrogen spacers between free-standing barrier layers