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The schematics of an inexact interface between austenite (a) and martensitic twin ( and ).
The schematics of two-scale simulation for austenite–martensite interface.
Austenite–martensite interfaces by phase field simulation; (a) compatible interface when the middle eigenvalue of the transformation strain is 0 and (b) inexact interface when the middle eigenvalue of the transformation strain is not 0; (c) and (d) the corresponding distribution of elastic energy in the structure, with the scale bar indicating the elastic energy density.
The elastic energy as function of middle eigenvalue of the transformation strain for volume-preserving transformation.
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