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Schematic diagram of ac ET microfluidic pump design in microfluidic channels with planar configuration (a) and microgrooved configuration (b). The surface plot of temperature rise due to Joule heating and the flow streamlines in planar configuration (c) and microgrooved configuration (d). The arrows show the flow directions.
Design variables of asymmetric electrode structure with (a) planar configuration and (b) microgrooved configuration.
Flow chart of the optimal ac ET pump design methodology.
Mean velocity at the outlet of microfluidic channel with (a) planar configuration and (b) microgrooved configuration.
Effects of ion concentration on temperature profile (a) and pumping capacity (b) in ac ET systems with planar and microgrooved configurations.
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