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Tuning of a graphene-electrode work function to enhance the efficiency of organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells with an inverted structure
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We demonstrate the fabrication of inverted-structure organic solar cells (OSCs) with graphenecathodes. The graphene film used in this work was work-function-engineered with an interfacial dipole layer to reduce the work function of graphene, which resulted in an increase in the built-in potential and enhancement of the charge extraction, thereby enhancing the overall device performance. Our demonstration of inverted-structure OSCs with work-function-engineering of grapheneelectrodes will foster the fabrication of more advanced structure OSCs with higher efficiency.
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