1887
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
f
Experimental observation of polarized electroluminescence from edge-emission organic light emitting devices
Rent:
Rent this article for
Access full text Article
/content/aip/journal/apl/97/23/10.1063/1.3525161
1.
1.C. W. Tang and S. A. VanSlyke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 913 (1987).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.98799
2.
2.J. M. Burroughes, D. D. C. Bradley, A. R. Brown, A. N. Marks, K. Mackay, R. H. Friend, P. L. Burn, and A. B. Holmes, Nature (London) 347, 539 (1990).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/347539a0
3.
3.J. Kido, M. Kimura, and K. Nagai, Science 267, 1332 (1995).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.267.5202.1332
4.
4.S. T. Lee, Y. M. Wang, X. Y. Hou, and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 670 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.122982
5.
5.M. A. Baldo, S. Lamansky, P. E. Burrows, M. E. Thompson, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 4 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.124258
6.
6.S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, Nature (London) 459, 234 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature08003
7.
7.P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/2944.999193
8.
8.W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature (London) 424, 824 (2003).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature01937
9.
9.G. W. Ford and W. H. Weber, Phys. Rep. 113, 195 (1984).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-1573(84)90098-X
10.
10.R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, Adv. Chem. Phys. 37, 1 (1978).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470142561.ch1
11.
11.K. Y. Yang, K. C. Choi, and C. W. Ahn, Opt. Express 17, 11495 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.011495
12.
12.C. J. Yates, I. D. W. Samuel, P. L. Burn, S. Wedge, and W. L. Barnes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161105 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2193795
13.
13.A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, and Y. Kuwahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 043307 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3271773
14.
14.J. Feng, T. Okamoto, R. Naraoka, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 051106 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2968309
15.
15.H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 097401 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.097401
16.
16.D. M. Koller, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, N. Galler, F. Reil, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, E. J. W. List, and J. R. Krenn, Nat. Photonics 2, 684 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2008.200
17.
17.J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Atwater, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 295 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2034983
18.
18.R. J. Walters, R. V. A. van Loon, I. Brunets, J. Schmitz, and A. Polman, Nature Mater. 9, 21 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat2595
19.
19.E. Ozbay, Science 311, 189 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1114849
20.
20.T. W. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Today 61, 44 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2930735
21.
21.J. Clark and G. Lanzani, Nat. Photonics 4, 438 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.160
22.
22.W. Q. Zhao, G. Z. Ran, W. J. Xu, and G. G. Qin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 073303 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2857543
23.
23.W. L. Barnes, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2170 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/50.803008
24.
24.G. Z. Ran, W. Q. Zhao, L. Dai, and G. G. Qin, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113107 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2388875
25.
25.Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids I, in II, & III, edited by E. D. Palik (Academic, London, 1998).
26.
26.V. Bulović, V. B. Khalfin, G. Gu, P. E. Burrows, D. Z. Garbuzov, and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 58, 3730 (1998).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.58.3730
27.
journal-id:
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/97/23/10.1063/1.3525161
Loading
View: Figures

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.

Click to view

FIG. 1.

The illustration of the optical arrangement for EL polarization test. The confocal -Raman spectrometer collects a signal from a single point on a sample. A 50× objective lens is chosen and the sampled spot has a diameter. A polarizer filter is placed before the confocal hole for the polarization measurement. The lens is used to eliminate the difference of the system responsibility to horizontally polarized (H) (in the z direction) and to vertically polarized light (V) (in the y direction).

Image of FIG. 2.

Click to view

FIG. 2.

(a) Current density-voltage characteristic (unfilled squares) and luminance-voltage (filled squares) characteristics and (b) polarization-resolved EL spectra of a conventional surface emission Si-OLED with a Sm (5 nm)/Au (30 nm) cathode. The polarizer is placed in the H or V position or pulled out.

Image of FIG. 3.

Click to view

FIG. 3.

Polarization-resolved EL spectra of the edge-emission from (a) Au-OLED and (b) Ag-OLED. The polarizer is placed in the H (TM), V (TE) positions or pulled out.

Image of FIG. 4.

Click to view

FIG. 4.

(a) The power dissipation spectra for the emitter in the Au-OLED and Ag-OLED. (b) A computed SPP mode based on a simplified three layer structure of silicon/organic/Au. Computations are performed at a wavelength of 620 nm.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aip/journal/apl/97/23/10.1063/1.3525161
2010-12-09
2014-04-24

Abstract

We have observed a strongly polarized edge-emission from an organic light emitting device(OLED) with a siliconanode and a stacked Sm/Au (or Ag)cathode. For the OLED with a Sm/Au cathode, the transverse magnetic (TM) mode is stronger than the transverse electric (TE) mode by a factor of 2, while the polarization ratio of TM:TE is close to 300 for that with a Sm/Ag cathode. The polarization results from the scattering of surface plasmon polaritons at the device boundary. Such a silicon-based OLED is potentially an electrically excited SPP source in plasmonics.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/aip/journal/apl/97/23/1.3525161.html;jsessionid=5d6871is9h13r.x-aip-live-03?itemId=/content/aip/journal/apl/97/23/10.1063/1.3525161&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah&containerItemId=content/aip/journal/apl
true
true
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Experimental observation of polarized electroluminescence from edge-emission organic light emitting devices
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/97/23/10.1063/1.3525161
10.1063/1.3525161
SEARCH_EXPAND_ITEM