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The effect of on the infiltration behavior for a (18,18) CNT/water system; the infiltration pressure can be determined accordingly. depends on both and pore size.
For a (18,18) CNT/water system, when is fixed and upon employment of electric field, the number of infiltrated water molecules varies dramatically with time.
Variation of (a) the maximum work output (energy density), per mass; (b) the normalized output power density, (normalized by that of a water at ); (c) efficiency, , of the electrically controlled actuation system. The applied electric intensity , pore size, pore phase, and liquid phase are varied.
Sorption isotherm experimental curves of the nanoporous silica in KCl-solution with electric field, and variation in output power in the proposed electroactuation system. The inset depicts the experimental setup.
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