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(a) A DW generated by applying and relaxing the system. (b) Displacing the DW from the initial position by applying . (c) Displacement angle and decomposition of the applied field. A DW releasing with is equivalent to that of a pendulum in a gravity field. (d) Time evolution of the DW dynamics for . (e) A damped sinusoidal curve fitting of for . (f) Domian wall displacement and tilting angle profile for .
(a) profile for three different magnetic fields. (b) Oscillation frequency of a DW in the different magnetic fields. (c) DW oscillation frequency and mass for different exchange stiffnesses. (d) profile for the different radii. (e) The maximum vs ac current frequency. (f) The maximum vs ac current frequency.
(a) Time evolution of the DW dynamics in a rounded L-shape structure. (b) The DW position vs time curve with an exponential fit. The origin of the displacement is at 1.3 ns when the external field is removed.
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