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A possible mechanism to tune magneto-electroluminescence in organic light-emitting diodes through adjusting the triplet exciton density
10. T. D. Nguyen, G. Hukic-Markosian, F. J. Wang, L. Wojcik, X. G. Li, E. Ehrenfreund, and Z. V. Vardeny, Nature Mater. 9, 345 (2010).
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At 15 K, the high field decay of magneto-electroluminescence (MEL) in tris (8-hydroxyquinoine) aluminum (Alq3)-based organic light-emitting diodes is greatly suppressed by mixing hole transport material N,N′-bis(naphthalen-1-y)-N,N′-bis(phenyl) benzidine (NPB) into Alq3 emission layer. The positive correlation between the MEL decay and the triplet exciton density indicates the reduced triplet exciton density is the major contributing factor. The change of triplet exciton density and then the MEL upon NPB mixing may result from the strengths change of charge-tripletsinteraction, in which the injected charges flowing through the exciton formation zone without forming static space charges play the most important role.
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