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High-pressure polyol synthesis of ultrathin silver nanowires: Electrical and optical properties
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Figures

Image of FIG. 1.

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FIG. 1.

SEM images of Ag NWs with a diameter ranging from 20 to 23 nm. (a) As-synthesized products, (b) purified products, (c) enlarged image, and (d) side-view image.

Image of FIG. 2.

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FIG. 2.

Ag NWs change in diameter as a function of pressure.

Image of FIG. 3.

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FIG. 3.

(A) TEM image of Ag NWs obtained at 100 psi, showing a diameter of 20 nm. High-resolution TEM images of nanowires (B) taken from the side and (C) from the tip, along with a SAED image of Ag NWs. (D) XRD patterns of Ag NWs obtained at different pressure conditions: (a) 14 psi, (b) 50 psi, and (c) 100 psi, respectively.

Image of FIG. 4.

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FIG. 4.

SPR spectra of thin, pentagonally shaped Ag NWs. (a) Ag NWs with 40–60 nm diameter (synthesized previously in Ref. 16 ), (b) Ag NWs obtained under atmospheric pressure (28–32 nm in diameter), (c) Ag NWs obtained at a pressure of 50 psi (with diameters of 24–26 nm), and (d) Ag NWs obtained under a pressure of 100 psi (with diameter of 20–22 nm).

Image of FIG. 5.

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FIG. 5.

(I) and (II) are SEM images of Ag NWs networked films. (I) 20–22 nm in diameter. (II) 40–60 nm in diameter. (III) Light transmittance spectra of Ag NW thin films (PET base): transmittance values (@ 550 nm) of (a) 83%, for the sample with 40–50 nm in diameter, and (b) 88%, for the sample with 20–22 nm in diameter, respectively. (IV) Sheet resistance vs. transmittance curves of the Ag NWs networked films: (a) the sample with 40–50 nm in diameter, and (b) 20–22 nm, respectively.

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2013-10-31
2014-04-19

Abstract

Silver nanowires whose diameters could be controlled in the range of 15–30 nm and lengths up to ∼20 μm were prepared by the high-pressure polyol method. The first step involved the formation of Ag nanoparticles by reducing silver nitrate in the presence of NaCl and KBr with ethylene glycol. At the growing step, the adjustable reaction pressure controls the diameter of the silver nanowires, which were in the range 15–22 nm when the pressure was 200 psi. These Ag nanowires showed an electrical conductivity of 0.4 × 105 S/cm, and the intensity of scattered light and the optical transmittance were largely improved.

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Scitation: High-pressure polyol synthesis of ultrathin silver nanowires: Electrical and optical properties
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/aplmater/1/4/10.1063/1.4826154
10.1063/1.4826154
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