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We report the development and characterization of graphene/LaAlO/SrTiO heterostructures. Complex-oxide heterostructures are created by pulsed laser deposition and are integrated with graphene using both mechanical exfoliation and transfer from chemical-vapor deposition on ultraflat copper substrates. Nanoscale control of the metal-insulator transition at the LaAlO/SrTiO interface, achieved using conductive atomic force microscope lithography, is demonstrated to be possible through the graphene layer. LaAlO/SrTiO-based electric field effects using a graphene top gate are also demonstrated. The ability to create functional field-effect devices provides the potential of graphene-complex-oxide heterostructures for scientific and technological advancement.


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