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/content/aip/journal/aplmater/4/7/10.1063/1.4955039
2016-07-05
2016-12-09

Abstract

Metastable phases, such as bcc Co or Ni and hcp Fe or Ni, reportedly possess extraordinary magnetic properties for epitaxial ultra-thin films. To understand phase stability of these epitaxy-oriented phases upon substrate lattices, we calculated novel phase diagrams of Co, Fe, and Ni ultrathin films by considering the chemical free energy, elastic strain energy, and surface energy. Verified by experimental data in the literatures, the stable epitaxy-oriented phases are readily identified from the phase diagrams. The stabilization of these metastable phases is determined by the interplay between orientation-dependent elastic strain energy and surface energy.

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