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/content/aip/journal/bmf/2/2/10.1063/1.2908026
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/content/aip/journal/bmf/2/2/10.1063/1.2908026
2008-04-04
2016-12-08

Abstract

Orthogonal electrodes have been reported to produce high velocity microflows when excited by ac signals, showing potential for micropumping applications. This paper investigates the microflow reversal phenomena in such orthogonal electrode micropumps. Three types of microflow fields were observed by changing the applied electric signals. Three acelectrokinetic processes, capacitive electrodepolarization, Faradaic polarization, and the ac electrothermal effect, are proposed to explain the different flow patterns, respectively. The hypotheses were corroborated by impedance analysis, numerical simulations, and velocity measurements. The investigation of microflow reversal can improve the understanding of acelectrokinetics and hence effectively manipulate fluids.

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