banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
High-pressure Raman study of Ba doped type-III germanium clathrate up to 26 GPa
Rent this article for
View: Figures


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

(Color online) Symbolic representation of face-sharing dodecahedron, open cage, and distorted cube as building unit of type-III clathrates. There are three different sites for the guest Ba atoms: Ba1, Ba2, and Ba3 are enclosed inside small , cubic , and open cages, respectively. Blue and white spheres are four- and three-bonded Ge atoms, respectively: 68 out of 100 Ge atoms in the unit cell are 4-bonded and the remaining 32 Ge atoms are 3-bonded.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Raman spectrum of at 1 bar and room temperature with that of clathrate for comparison. The numbering of the peaks on their spectra indicate Raman peak wave numbers. The Raman frequency at the top of is scaled by the square root of atomic mass ratio of Si to Ge, 1/1.61. Four dotted lines indicate the same modes assigned by the corresponding spectra between framework vibrations of and . Vertical broken lines of d-Ge and d-Si show the typical vibrational frequencies for strong Raman peaks of diamond-type Ge and Si crystals, respectively.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

(Color online) Raman spectra of at various pressures up to 26 GPa and room temperature. Two pressure-induced phase transitions can be seen at about 3.2 and 22 GPa. Black, blue, and red lines show their typical spectra in each phase.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Pressure dependence of Raman frequency shifts of at room temperature. Open circles show the weak Raman peaks. Vertical dotted lines indicate phase transition pressures.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Raman spectra at 1 bar for amorphous Ge (a-Ge) and for amorphous decompressed from (an amorphous phase) to ambient pressure. Horizontal arrows indicate the frequency differences of TA- and TO-like phonon bands between a-Ge and amorphous .

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Summary of high-pressure phase transitions of , (Refs. 20 and 21), (Ref. 38), and (Refs. 17 and 40) at room temperature. It is noted that only type-I clathrate shows the isostructural phase transition at about 15 GPa.


Article metrics loading...


Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: High-pressure Raman study of Ba doped type-III germanium clathrate Ba24Ge100 up to 26 GPa