X-ray diffraction patterns of (a) the (111) P-C and (b) the (100) P-C nanocomposite films, together with the (R-O) P-C film and single-phase PZT and CFO films, on the substrate.
The cross-sectional SEM images of the PZT-CFO bilayered films.
(a) The leakage current density–electric field behavior and (b) curves for the bilayered PZT-CFO nanocomposite thin films. For comparison, the behaviors of the pure PZT films are also shown.
Polarization–electric field hysteresis loops of the PZT-CFO composite thin films. For comparison, the behaviors of the pure PZT films are also shown.
The in-plane hysteresis loops of the bilayered PZT-CFO composite films. The hysteresis loops of the pure CFO films are also shown for comparison.
In-plane excitation signal and induced voltage signal for the PZT film, the CFO film, and the PZT-CFO composite film.
Magnetic induced voltage change as a function of bias dc magnetic field for the PZT-CFO bilayered films.
Ferroelectric parameter of the bilayered PZT-CFO composite thin films and the pure PZT films.
Magnetic parameters of the bilayered PZT-CFO composite thin films and the pure CFO films.
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