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Characterization of the nanocryosurgical freezing process through modifying Mazur’s model
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10.1063/1.2910676
/content/aip/journal/jap/103/8/10.1063/1.2910676
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jap/103/8/10.1063/1.2910676

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Transient temperature response at measurement positions with or without nano-Ag on pork tissues.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Thermal image for temperature distribution on pork tissues injected with 1, 2, 3 and (from signs 1 to 4) aqueous suspension of nanoaluminum, respectively.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Schematic for computational domain when nanoparticles are embedded into tissues during freezing procedure (not to scale).

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Schematic structures for nanoparticle and its interfacial nanolayer in a homogeneous nanofluid.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Illustration of containing NaCl, one water molecule and one nano-Au.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Effects of various volume fractions of nano-Ag on the temperature profile of tissue and the formation of iceball at . (1) Cryoprobe; (2) effective killing zone; (3) mushy zone; and (4) unfrozen zone.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

The transient temperature responses of cell at measurement points during freezing procedure and their corresponding transient cell volume response during freezing procedure [(a) and (b)] without nano-Ag; [(c) and (d)] nano-Ag, , , ; and [(e) and (f)] nano-Ag, , , .

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

The final cell volume at each measurement points (M2–M5) with different volume fractions of nano-Ag at .

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

(a) The transient temperatures and (b) volume responses of cell (M5) during freezing procedure for different kinds of nanoparticles with same radius when the intracellular volume friction of particles is and outside-cell one is , respectively.

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

(a) The transient temperature and (b) volume responses of cell (M5) during freezing procedure when the intracellular volume friction of nano-Au is and outside-cell one is , respectively.

Image of FIG. 11.
FIG. 11.

Effect of various kinds of nanoparticles on cell (M5) nucleation rate during freezing procedure.

Tables

Generic image for table
Table I.

Thermophysical properties of biological tissues and nanoparticles.

Generic image for table
Table II.

Parameter values used in the model.

Generic image for table
Table III.

Sensitivity analysis of the thermal conductivity of particle-tissue mixture.

Generic image for table
Table IV.

Sensitivity analysis of the ice nucleation rate.

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/content/aip/journal/jap/103/8/10.1063/1.2910676
2008-04-28
2014-04-16
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Characterization of the nanocryosurgical freezing process through modifying Mazur’s model
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jap/103/8/10.1063/1.2910676
10.1063/1.2910676
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