Equivalent circuit used to measure bulk effect of electrolyte.
XRS of various pyrolyzed and activated CCs compared to graphite.
Isotherms of samples with various and activations.
DA distribution (A) and BJH distribution form adsorption isotherm (B).
SEM images of A-70 (A), C-70 (B), and C-36 (C).
(A) Volumetric capacitance as a function of , data were measured using the GC (connected points) and by CV (free points). (B) Galvanic discharge at an applied current of .
Nyquist plot. (A) high frequency data and CNLS fit. (B) Low frequency data.
The imaginary volumetric capacitance (A) and real volumetric capacitance (B).
Complex power curves, the normalized reactive power reaches 100% for all samples while the dissipative active power fails to vanish for samples C-36 and C-70.
Randles circuit used to measure bulk effect of electrolyte.
Alternate plots of high frequency data using the Randles circuit instead.
Catalyst amount and activation percentage used to process the cryogels (resorcinol to water ratio for all ).
BET SA and micro- and mesopore data (nomenclature in Appendix B)
Volumetric SA and percent of micro-, meso- and macropores to the total area .
Maximum capacitance and power using galvanic cycling at and (nomenclature Appendix B).
Relation between pore size, relaxation time, power dissipation, and bulk properties (nomenclature in Appendix B).
Comparison of values obtained between the circuit used by the author and Randles.
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