Evolution of the (101) anatase diffraction peak as a function of the laser fluence.
Raman spectra of irradiated for various fluences
Evolution of FWHM function of fluence.
Top view SEM micrographs of the as deposited film and irradiated film with , (a) and (b), respectively.
three-dimensional AFM images of irradiated thin film for fluence (a) , (b) , (c) , (d) , (e) , and (f) . (g) as deposited .
Evolution of the rms roughness of the film as a function of the laser fluence
Schematic 2D description of two different topographies with the same surface area.
Ratio between the geometrically projected area and the area of the topography determined by AFM measurement.
Evolution of the contact angle in the partial melting regime and in the melting-solidification regime.
Numerical simulation of the maximum induced surface temperature by means of FLUENT computational fluid dynamics software.
Temperature, time, and transition diagram.
Roughness factor comparison between classic and fractal methods.
general properties used in temperature calculation.
thermal parameters used in temperature calculation.
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