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Laser surface multilevel self-assembly of particles
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Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Schematic of coated sample. (a) 2D view of the ongoing laser processing and (b) 3D view of laser processed sample.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

XRD patterns of laser processed samples at various speeds.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Computed temperature vs time plots for tracks T1, T6, and T11 in samples processed at 2000 mm/min.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Binary phase diagram of CaO and .

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Computed temperature profiles for tracks T6 and T11 in samples processed at 1250, 2000, and 2750 mm/min.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

XRD patterns in range of 30°–50° for low (1500 mm/min) and high (2500 mm/min) laser processing speeds.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Scanning electron micrograph of laser processed coating. (a) Surface morphology with starlike particles enclosed in ringlike assembly of cuboidal particles, (b) high magnification view of starlike particles, (c) high magnification view of cuboidal particles, (d) EDS spectrum of starlike particle and EDS spectrum of cuboidal particle.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

Low magnification view of laser processed coating. Surface morphology of laser processed coating (a) and the corresponding 3D roughness profile (b). The equiaxed faceted grain structure of the substrate material underneath the coating (c) and corresponding 3D roughness profile.

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

Schematic of contact line between two capillary multipoles.

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

Schematic of evolution of possible morphological features in the coating as function of temperature during cooling cycle.


Generic image for table
Table I.

Melting points of key phases present in the coating.

Generic image for table
Table II.

Ratios of various phases normalized with Ti.


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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Laser surface multilevel self-assembly of CaP–TiO2 particles