Schematic of high pressure shearing setup.
Particle size distribution for alumina-water nanofluid (alumina-water_SA).
Viscosity ratio variation with shear rate for alumina-water and alumina-ethylene glycol nanofluids.
Viscosity variation with temperature for alumina-water and alumina-ethylene glycol nanofluids.
Viscosity ratio variation with particle concentration for nanofluids.
(a) Schematic depicting increase in effective volume when an electrical double layer is present over the particle surface. (b) Schematic showing the presence of immobile additional liquid volume when particle aggregation occurs.
Electrical double layer thickness as a function of .
Primary electroviscous coefficient as a function of .
Viscosity ratio variation with particle concentration for nanofluids studied as well as data from literature for alumina based nanofluids.
Schematic of setup used for pressure drop measurement studies.
(a) Pressure drop for alumina-water nanofluids with varying velocities. (b) Nondimensional pressure drop and velocity variation for alumina-water nanofluids.
Parity plot between measured and predicted pressure drops.
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