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A benchmark study on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids
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10.1063/1.3245330
/content/aip/journal/jap/106/9/10.1063/1.3245330
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jap/106/9/10.1063/1.3245330

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Number of publications containing the term nanofluid according to SciFinder Scholar.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Set 1—TEM pictures of samples 1 (a) and 3 (b), respectively. The nanorod dimensions in sample 1 are in reasonable agreement with the nominal size stated by Sasol. However, smaller particles of lower aspect ratio are clearly present along with the nanorods. TEM pictures of PAO-based samples have generally been of lower quality. However, the nanoparticles in sample 3 appear to be roughly spherical and of approximate diameter 10–20 nm, thus consistent with the nominal size of 10 nm stated by Sasol.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Set 2—TEM pictures of sample 1. The nanoparticles are roughly spherical and of diameter , thus somewhat smaller than the nominal size of 20–30 nm stated by DSO National Laboratories.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Set 3—TEM pictures of sample 1. The nanoparticles are roughly spherical and of diameter 20–30 nm, thus consistent with the nominal size of 22 nm stated by Grace.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Set 4—TEM pictures of sample 1. The nanoparticles have irregular shape and approximate size , thus consistent with the nominal size of stated by UPRM.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 1, set 1.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 2 (basefluid), set 1.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 3, set 1.

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 4, set 1.

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 5, set 1.

Image of FIG. 11.
FIG. 11.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 6, set 1.

Image of FIG. 12.
FIG. 12.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 7, set 1.

Image of FIG. 13.
FIG. 13.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 1, set 2.

Image of FIG. 14.
FIG. 14.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 2, set 2.

Image of FIG. 15.
FIG. 15.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 1, set 3.

Image of FIG. 16.
FIG. 16.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 2 (basefluid), set 3.

Image of FIG. 17.
FIG. 17.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 1, set 4.

Image of FIG. 18.
FIG. 18.

Thermal conductivity data for sample 2 (basefluid), set 4.

Image of FIG. 19.
FIG. 19.

Thermal conductivity enhancement data for sample 1, set 1.

Image of FIG. 20.
FIG. 20.

Thermal conductivity enhancement data for sample 3, set 1.

Image of FIG. 21.
FIG. 21.

Thermal conductivity enhancement data for sample 4, set 1.

Image of FIG. 22.
FIG. 22.

Thermal conductivity enhancement data for sample 5, set 1.

Image of FIG. 23.
FIG. 23.

Thermal conductivity enhancement data for sample 6, set 1.

Image of FIG. 24.
FIG. 24.

Thermal conductivity enhancement data for sample 1, set 2.

Image of FIG. 25.
FIG. 25.

Thermal conductivity enhancement data for sample 1, set 3.

Image of FIG. 26.
FIG. 26.

Thermal conductivity enhancement data for sample 1, set 4.

Image of FIG. 27.
FIG. 27.

Percentage of all INPBE experimental data that are predicted by the theory of Nan et al. within the error indicated on the -axis.

Tables

Generic image for table
Table I.

Participating organizations in and data generated for INPBE.

Generic image for table
Table II.

Characteristics of the set 1 samples.

Generic image for table
Table III.

Characteristicsf the set 2 samples.

Generic image for table
Table IV.

Characteristics of the set 3 samples.

Generic image for table
Table V.

Characteristics of the set 4 samples.

Generic image for table
Table VI.

Summary of INPBE results.

Generic image for table
Table VII.

Input for effective medium model calculations.

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/content/aip/journal/jap/106/9/10.1063/1.3245330
2009-11-13
2014-04-21
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: A benchmark study on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jap/106/9/10.1063/1.3245330
10.1063/1.3245330
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