The effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids consisting of 2 nm titania nanoparticles in 50% (w/w) ethylene . The points represent experimental data of this work for 8.5% (●) (v/v) titania nanoparticles dispersed in the base fluid. The solid curve represents the experimental thermal conductivity of the base fluid, whereas the dashed curve represents predictions using Eqs. (3) and (4) with .
Measured thermal conductivity of nanofluids containing 2 nm particles dispersed in 50% (w/w) ethylene solutions.
Properties of titania used in Eq. (5).
Thermal conductivity of 2 nm titania particles calculated using Eq. (4) with and Eq. (5) with .
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