Volume 107, Issue 4, 15 February 2010
Index of content:
Superconductingspintronics is one of the most attractive subjects of spintronics. This article reviews superconductingspintronics based on the superconducting junctions with ferromagnetic semiconducting contact. The authors summarize recent theoretical developments with an emphasis on the interplay between ferromagnetic semiconductor (FS) and superconductor (SC). It is found that the spin-polarized transport in the superconducting junctions exhibits a rich dependence on hole types of FS, mismatches in the effective mass and Fermi velocity of holes between the FS and SC, as well as strengths of potential scattering at the interface. These systems have great intrinsic scientific importance and potential device applications including signal processing and general purpose computing.
107(2010); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3309774View Description Hide Description
Gold-catalyzed silicananowires were grown using vapor from the active oxidation of the silicon substrate and then implanted with erbium and annealed. During prolonged annealing at , where the concentration of vapor-phase reactants is sufficient to support nanowire growth, the erbium rich precipitates act as catalysts for the growth of a second generation of nanowires. These secondary nanowires increase in photoluminescence as they grow, suggesting that a fraction of the optically active erbium is incorporated into the growing wire. The resulting luminescent nanostructures have a very large surface-to-volume fraction and are well suited for optical-sensing applications.