Structure of a typical IPT (schematic view).
The normalized sensing response per unit strain of a based IPT as a function of (a) electrode thickness and (b) electrode metal composition (volume percent) (Ref. 28).
The electric double layer and streaming potential.
Parallel circular cylindrical nanochannel model and selective ionic conduction in the channel.
Predicted streaming current trend as volume fraction varies.
Normalized modeling sensing trends for IPTs with variation in the metal content of and Au for consistent total volume of metal.
Strain output of IPTs for samples produced by variation in the metal content with consistent volume to the application of square wave potentials of ±2 V (Ref. 28).
Step displacement input by Farinholt and Leo (Ref. 7).
Normalized predictions of IPT current under step tip displacement plotted with measured current with normalization. Discrete points correspond to points at which data is visually extracted from experimental stimulus plot of Fig. 8.
Normalized IPT current at different frequencies (Ref. 43).
Predicted variation in channel size with electrode particulate (Ref. 29).
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