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The invention and early history of the CCD
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Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

(Color online) Magnetic Bubble serial shift register.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

(Color online) The Picturephone set and silicon diode array camera tube.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

(Color online) The basic MOS structure.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

(Color online) A plot of electron energy vs distance through the MOS capacitor.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

(Color online) Two closely spaced MOS capacitors.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

(Color online) The basic CCD structure.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

The first CCD device.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

(Color online) The first integrated device.

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

Oscilloscope display of the output of the 8-bit device used as an imager.

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

(Color online) Traps at the Si−SiO2 interface.

Image of FIG. 11.
FIG. 11.

The buried channel CCD.

Image of FIG. 12.
FIG. 12.

(Color online) An area imaging CCD geometry.

Image of FIG. 13.
FIG. 13.

(Color online) The CCD Picturephone imaging chip and a self contained cameras.

Image of FIG. 14.
FIG. 14.

W. S. Boyle and G. E. Smith, 1970.

Image of FIG. 15.
FIG. 15.

(Color online) An early linear imaging CCD.

Image of FIG. 16.
FIG. 16.

(Color online) An aerial photograph taken with a Fairchild linear CCD.

Image of FIG. 17.
FIG. 17.

(Color online) An early four 1 Megabit CCD camera for an astronomical telescope.

Image of FIG. 18.
FIG. 18.

A film photograph of the sky.

Image of FIG. 19.
FIG. 19.

(Color online) A CCD image of the same portion of the sky.


Generic image for table
Table I.

Current applications for CCDs.

Generic image for table
Table II.

Advantages of CCDs in astronomy.


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Scitation: The invention and early history of the CCD